Trincomalee Port Sri Lanka – Trincomalee port is the second-largest natural deep-water harbour commonly called as Trinco harbour.
During the colonial expansion, the Portuguese, Dutch, French and British occupied this port from the ancient kings (King Rajasinghe the second and King Parakramabahu the first) and used as an anchorage point.
BRITISH NAVAL INVOLVEMENT | Trincomalee Port Sri Lanka
In 1810, British Navy withdrew their Navy bases in Madurasi and established in Trincomalee with a design and architecture very similar to England Naval Dockyard.
For this constructions, Admiral William O Brien Drury has taken the major involvements.
Royal Navy established a cooling station as a part of its large support base network throughout the empire. A large tank farm close to the dockyard to store oil and any size fleet, dry docks and maintenance facilities to support any ship of the Royal Navy.
In the 20th century, the Royal Naval Dockyard size, area, and facilities grew up during and after world war 1.
In 1920, the British started to deploy artillery on the Ostenburg Ridge to protect the entrance of the harbour and now it is the major navy base in the Eastern Naval Command Sri Lanka.
INDEPENDENCE | Trincomalee Port Sri Lanka
The year 1956, all the British service personnel was removed from the dockyard due to a request of prime minister SWRD Bandaranayake and handed over to Royal Ceylon Navy.
Since it became the home of the newly established fleet. In 1958, Naval dockyard was commissioned as Sri Lankan Naval Dockyard (SLN Dockyard). SLN Dockyard consists of all the engineering and electrical workshop with jetty and piers.
-Water – 1,630 ha (4,000 acres)
-Entrance channel – 500 m (1,600 ft)
-Land Area – 5,261 ha (13,000 acres)
Inner harbour islands
1. Great sober island
2. Little sober island
3. York island
4. Mangrove island
5. Powder island
Inner harbour bays
1. Town bay
2. Powder bay
3. Cod bay
4. China bay
5. Clappenburg bay
Inner harbour coves
2. Yard cove
3. Mud cove
4. Mangrove cove
5. Railway cove
6. Olanda cove
7. Malay cove
8. Deadman’s Cove
Beaches close to Trincomalee Port Sri Lanka
1. Sandy bay beach
2. green bay beech
3. Coral cove beach
4. Elephant beach
Key points from the history
–Trincomalee harbour is a natural deep-water harbour with a great history.
–Trincomalee attracted many seafarers.
-It has been occupied by Portuguese, Dutch, French, British.
-Was an anchorage point for many ships.
-Was a large network of support bases.
-Portuguese understood the importance of fortifying Trincomalee.
-Sole control of the harbour was under Portuguese during the Kandyan era.
-In 1638 Portuguese were forced to surrender to Dutch.
-In 1639 Tricomalee was captured by the Dutch.
-Dutch reconstructed the harbour to defend it from French and British.
-1672- French Admiral Dee Laltga captured Trincomalee and Batticaloa.
-British fleet arrived at Trincomalee under Rear Admiral Peter Rainier.
-British used Trincomalee as an anchorage point.
-Beginning of the dockyard.
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